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Tuscan Archipelago >> Nature and environment
 
The Fauna on Land The Flora
  The Sea Fauna
First of all it is important to say that the only poisonous reptile, the viper, is only present on Elba and on Montecristo and that almost all big wild animals have disappeared due to the uncontrolled hunting. Only the wild boar resists and is getting more common, as the Central-European boar was introduced after the extinction of the Maremman boar, and is much more prolific. The wild boar damages the natural vegetation and the agriculture. On Montecristo the savage and bare landscape makes it the perfect habitat for the Montecristo goat, that was probably introduced by the monks during the Middle Ages and is only found on Crete and in some regions of Anatolia.
Some examples of the nun seal have recently been seen close to the rocks. This specie had disappeared from the Mediterranean basin and the fact that it is back is a good sign. The few examples of mouflons, enclosed in pens, have been introduced by man on Giglio and on Capraia. And then lizards, green lizards, geckos and tree-frogs, many endemic species that the scientists have found among the invertebrates and molluscs, that completes the fauna of the archipelago. But the real pearl is the avifauna which makes ornithologists from the whole Europe come here. All typical Mediterranean birds live here and build nests in the fissures of the rocks, in the bush and in the forests, making the archipelago an incredible shelter which is precious for the survival and reproduction of many spices. The pilgrim hawk build nests on the top of the mountains. Birdwatchers can indulge their fancies looking for the woodpecker and the green cormorant that is brasking in the sun in order to dry its wings, the big and the small shearwater that build nests here and only have one chick at the time and the swift. But the Tuscan islands also give shelter to the buzzard and the pilgrim hawk, a bird of pray of extraordinary beauty, the imperial crow, the hoopoe, the black heron and the golden oride with its yellow feathers. Elba and Pianosa are the last bastion for the protection of the red partridge that lives on the hills and close to cultivated land and is seriously endangered due to the unlimited hunting. Then it is worth to mention one of the rarest gulls, the one with the red beck, that is disappearing as the bigger and more aggressive herring gull, is getting more and more common and is less disturbed by the building of houses and can find food in the waste deposits. The National Park of the Tuscan archipelago has chosen the gull with the red beck as its symbol as it represents the hope of a better future for all the spices that live in the archipelago. A difficult task which has to be shared by all the visitors of this marvellous place. We have to remember that this world is not ours, we have just borrowed it from our children.

Photos from APT Tuscan Archipelago and Mediaweb srl.
 
Villaggio Innamorata Isola d'Elba
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