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Isola d'Elba e Aecipelago Toscano
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Tuscan Archipelago >> Nature and environment
The Flora The Fauna on Land
  The Sea Fauna
The present flora on the Tuscan islands, characterised by the Mediterranean bush, is completely different from the original one with high trees, such as leeches that man started to cut centuries ago to be able to use the ovens of the foundries. The presence of man determined the disappearing of the high tree forests that, as time went by became the Mediterranean bush, leaving evident signs in the landscape of the islands: beautiful Roman thermal baths and villas, bastions, fortresses and watch towers on the hills for the guard the ports and the defence against the incursions of the pirates, churches from the beginning of the Christianity and in the soundings, fascinating wrecks which testify the tough battles on the scene of the Tuscan archipelago. Today the Mediterranean bush dominates the islands of the Tuscan archipelago, giving it its extraordinary nuances and the smell of the flower and fruit essences.
The highest trees are leeches, strawberry trees, heathers, cork.oaks and bay-oaks, while among the lower plants we find the sun yellow broom, which covers the sunniest parts on the slopes of the hills, but also the mastic tree, the myrtle and the rock roses. The fresh slopes of Monte Capanne on Elba are covered with chest nut forests and the yew, a prehistoric specie which goes back to the glaciation era. The Fenician junipers on the rocks surrounded by lavendel and rosemar. The geographical isolation has determined the presence of several endemic vegetal species such as the Corsican violet, the sea-lily, the Capanne corn-flower, the Capraian toad-flax with its delicate pink flowers. Giannutri is the island where the Mediterranean vegetation is best preserved due to the fact that its private property and that has saved from fires. Gorgona still has high trees such as pines, leeches and secular olive trees which stand out from the Mediterranean vegetation which is here particularly luxuriant. The Monte Castello lake is an oasis in the oasis of Capraia and here you find the flexuous rush , which is similar to the one in Corsica and in Sardinia, thanks to the particular ecosystem with sweet water. Pianosa, which, as the name indicates, is the only island of the Tuscan archipelago without hills or mountains, has a very low and intricate vegetation, while on Montecristo, savage and bare, there are secular leeches along the central slope of the mountain. Here the original vegetation has been altered by the owners of the luxury residences who introduced citrus-fruits and other exotic plants in order to decorate their parks and gardens.

Photos from APT Tuscan Archipelago and Mediaweb srl.
Villaggio Innamorata Isola d'Elba
Prenotazione on line Traghetti Isola d'Elba
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